Top Nazis tried for World War II crimes in Nuremberg

German Nazi leaders went on trial in Nuremberg on November 20, 1945, charged with atrocities committed during World War II. 

The trials were most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, judicial and economic leadership of Nazi Germany, who planned, carried out, or otherwise participated in the Holocaust and other war crimes.

The British president of the tribunal, Justice Geoffrey Lawrence, opened the trial, calling it “unique in the history of the jurisprudence of the world and of supreme importance to millions of people all over the globe.”

The accused included Luftwaffe chief Hermann Goring, Admiral Karl Donitz, who became German president following Hitler’s death, Albert Speer, a close friend of Hitler’s, and Martin Bormann, head of the Nazi Party Chancellery.